السبت، 17 ديسمبر، 2011

Sections Museum of Jordanian Heritage

Stages of gathering food and the early stages of production
Cover of human history in Jordan, as indicated by studies on more than a million and a half million years ago adopted a rights during this long era of hunting and gathering plants, and the Old Stone Age tools discovered variety, made of local stone and flint Kalpaazelt. In about 1700 to 8000 BC, learning of human exploitation of food sources and specialize in hunting and became a collection of grass seed a major source of livelihood, and the presence of the jars and pistils stone blades peridotitic evidence of the growing importance of plant seeds and started the human tendency to live in larger groups and more organized. There were semi-permanent residential sites in the form of small shacks. The transition from gathering food to the production has had a gradual transition to food production, the effects are clear on the lives of stability and the subsequent social transformations, political, and ideological and religious beliefs. And established large agricultural villages around the valleys and water sources, for example, Jericho, Ain Ghazal and Basta, white houses and evolved from isolated rooms round shape to rectangular houses and connected.
About 6000 BC became agricultural villages appear in the upland areas and the Jordan Valley and guided to the population of the pottery industry as a feedstock in the household uses. And achieved an advanced level of agricultural production until the glandular main source of food in the fifth millennium BC. AD and flourished in this period a large group of villages such as lye and Abu Tlelat reward and clouds.
The development of mini-states and cities 3200_ 400 BCOne of the museum's coffers
Jordan has witnessed and parts of the Levant three stages of urbanization have developed villages crowded with the beginning of the third millennium BC to the fortified cities, such as Java and the door arm and Alzericon. In the second millennium BC was characterized by stages of increasing urbanization, the impact of Egypt to become the entire region under the influence of Egypt Among the important centers in the second millennium BC Sahab and Irbid, Deir Alla, Amman and Tel snakes layer and the stallion. And industries have undergone significant transformations and fast, including progress in mining by the end of the fourth millennium BC, mixing copper and tin led to the production of bronze harder.
Resulted in formation of kingdoms and Almaabeyen Ammonites and Edomites in Jordan and the other Aramaic kingdoms in the rest of the Levant to the radical shift in the economic system by the end of the second millennium BC and followed her in key settlements of Oman and the Theban, Karak and the capitals of her insight. The elements of these kingdoms trade, mining and pastoral life, which helped them to control the south of Jordan and Palestine.

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